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Just imagine the toxic soup of pesticides, petrochemicals, detergents, solvents, Lead, Mercury, Acetone, Formaldehyde, Benzene, Asbestos, Gasoline, Arsenic, and Ammonia (just to name a few) which was leached from the homes, businesses, factories, and refineries in New Orleans after Katrina turned the city into one big poisonous tea bag.
Those murcky putrid waters were iridescent for a reason. But where did all of that rainbow water go and will the longterm effects to humans and other animals be?
There's no doubt that one of the Hallmarks of the human species is how we have mastered the manipulation of our environments using synthetic chemicals. This is nowhere more obvious than in the typical home. But there is a cost to having all these household products in our homes!
It's a good bet that most homes have a wide selection of these potential sources of household hazardous waste. In addition to there ability to contribute to water pollution, many of their chemical ingredients are likely to contribute to poor indoor air quality due to off gasing of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) or Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds (SVOC). Some of these household products also contain dangerous ingredients which are flammable, corrosive, or can represent acute or chronic inhalation hazards for the user. You won't believe what's in some of these household products!
Some common household products include: paints, paint strippers, and other volatile solvents; wood preservatives; aerosol sprays; cleansers and disinfectants; moth repellents and air fresheners; stored fuels and automotive household products; hobby supplies; dry-cleaned clothing. If you are a homeowner, homemaker club or organization, daycare provider, housekeeping business person, family and consumer science educator, or a pesticide operator you need to know about identifying hazardous household cleaning products, the safe use of potentially hazardous household chemicals, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or volatile solvents found in these household hazardous waste containing chemical products, and pesticides.
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Examples of household products and household chemicals that could contain chemicals that may be absorbed, ingested, or inhaled include:
CONTROL INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Begin to control home Indoor Air Quality by the choice of household chemicals and household products used. Use the least amount of a household cleaner or other household product to get the job done. Read labels, follow safety precautions, and contact the manufacturer if you have questions. Other guidelines include:
REDUCE NEED FOR HOUSEHOLD CHEMICALS
Reduce the need for potentially hazardous household chemicals by practicing preventative maintenance:
- Prevent standing water, such as from air conditioner drains or refrigerator drip pans
- Fix leaks, drips, and seepage problems
- Use exhaust fans during high moisture activities
LIMIT USE OF AEROSOLS
Limit the use of aerosol household products where possible. Aerosol household products tend
to release more chemicals into the air because they disperse the household product
into very tiny, airborne droplets. As an alternative, some household products are
available in a pump spray which makes it easier to direct the household product toward
its intended use, and therefore releases fewer chemicals into the air.
MIXING HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS CAUTION
No matter what the household chemical, never mix household products or chemicals together, unless specifically instructed.
If household products are mixed, additional toxic chemicals may be released into
the air through chemical reaction. A common example is ammonia and chlorine
bleach, which are found in many household cleaners. When mixed, they react
to form a toxic gas.
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCS)
Some chemicals used in the home contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs). VOCs are Organic Solvents that easily evaporate into the air. Volatile Organic Chemicals can be toxic and harmful to the environment. Many household products containing VOCs can be dangerous or flammable, especially if used improperly.
Water-based household products tend to be less hazardous to indoor air than household products
that are based on organic solvents.
VOC LABEL TERMS
Examples of household product label terms that identify a Volatile Organic Compound include:
HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS WITH VOCS
Examples of household products that usually contain VOCs include:
HEALTH CONCERNS OF VOCS
VOCs may be toxic household products under certain conditions! Short-term exposure can cause:
VOCS - REDUCING EXPOSURE
During household activities, reduce exposure to VOCs by:
VOCS - SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DURING USE
When possible, use VOC household products outdoors where compounds are more widely dispersed. Provide plenty of ventilation and fresh air if VOC household products must be used indoors. If indoor use of VOC household products is required, schedule activities for a time when the weather is mild so doors and windows can be opened for ventilation.
When using Volatile Organic Compound household products, take regular breaks for fresh air and be alert for possible reactions to the chemicals. Use protective gloves and glasses when using VOC household products. A respirator with an appropriate cartridge is recommended for prolonged use of Volatile Orgainc Compound household products, especially when working indoors. Keep VOC household product containers tightly closed to minimize evaporation.
Keep children and pets away from VOC household products. Also, pregnant women
and those who are chronically ill should avoid VOC products.
VOCS - HOUSEHOLD PRODUCT SAFETY
Treat VOC- or solvent-based household products with caution:
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)
You can learn more information about a potentially hazardous household
product by requesting a copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
The MSDS contains complete information about a household product, including all safety
precautions. Request the MSDS by calling the manufacturer. The household product
label usually has phone numbers, website address, or other contact information.
PESTICIDES ARE POISONS
Another type of household product, pesticides, are poison; they are used to kill or repel.
Examples of pesticides are:
PESTICIDES: GUIDELINES FOR SAFE USE
Pesticides can be especially dangerous household products and they require strict adherence to safety practices. Use pesticides only as directed by the household product manufacturer.
Many of the same guidelines we discussed earlier for the safe use of household chemicals, especially VOCs, also apply to pesticides. In addition, though, pesticides require other special precautions:
CARPET AS A CHEMICAL "SINK"
Carpets and other textiles in the home can act as a "sink" for airborne pollutants. Chemicals sprayed or evaporated can collect in carpet, upholstery, and other textiles. Clean and maintain the carpet regularly, especially if there are young children in the home.
Protect carpet and textile surfaces when household hazardous products
such as VOCs or pesticides are being used.
ARE "NATURAL" HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS LESS POLLUTING?
Some products for household use are considered as alternatives to "harsh chemicals," and are labeled as "natural" or "environmentally safe." Some of these household products are considered generic, such as chlorine bleach, ammonia, and boric acid. Many of these alternative household products may seem safer; therefore, people sometimes ignore directions for safe usage.
Any household product that evaporates into the air has the potential to be an indoor air pollutant. The conditions for harm depend on:
USING "ALTERNATIVE" HOUSEHOLD PRODUCTS
When selecting "natural" or "alternative" household products for the home, consider:
Q: What are the particular ingredients in these household
products that I should be concerned about?
A: The household products to watch for are those containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are organic solvents that easily evaporate into the air. Some may be flammable.
Following are some of the compounds listed on household product labels: petroleum distillates, mineral spirits, chlorinated solvents, carbon tetrachloride, methylene chloride, trichloroethane, toluene and formaldehyde. Other household product ingredients can also be a hazard if they are used improperly.
Q: What are some of the health effects?
A: Short-term effects include eye, nose and throat irritation, and headaches. Long-term exposure can cause loss of coordination; nausea; and damage to liver, kidneys and the central nervous system. Some organics can cause cancer in animals and are suspected of causing cancer in humans.
Q: What are some ways I can minimize potential
Q: Where can I get more information about safe
A: Contact your local Extension Office or your state department of health. Take action now.
Should You Be Concerned?
Do you have these household products in your home? Bleach, rat poison, mothballs, charcoal lighter fluid, oven cleaner, batteries, mercury thermometers, gas, oil, wood polish, toilet and drain cleaners, shoe polish, bug spray?
Household products like these are dangerous for your children!
Household products are called hazardous if they can cause harm when not used the right way. Not every household product is a hazardous household product and some are more dangerous than others.
You can use most household products safely if you follow the directions on the label. Doing things that are not on the label is risky for your health and your family’s. People get in trouble by using too much of a household product, or by mixing two household products together, for example.
Children can be poisoned if household products are stored or thrown away unsafely. Children’s bodies are small, so even a little bit of some chemicals can cause big problems.
Eating or drinking a hazardous household chemical product is dangerous, of course. Also, just touching or breathing some household products— even a very small amount of them— can be harmful. They can burn your skin or eyes just by touching them. Some household hazardous products like many household cleaners can make you sick if they get into your body through the skin or when you breathe in their dust or fumes.
Sometimes you know right away if you or your child has come into contact with a household hazardous waste product. You may feel sick to your stomach or dizzy. Your skin may itch or burn. Your eyes may water or hurt.
Other problems don’t show up until later, like cancer or harm to your lungs. Also, being exposed to chemicals can affect a child’s growing body.
You can protect your children and yourself from illness and injury. Use household hazardous products safely. Successful household hazardous waste management involves storing a houshold cleaning product or other potential household hazardous substance carefully. Dispose of them properly. The following will help you learn more!
Questions to ask?
Do you store hazardous household products safely?
Can you cut down on the hazardous household products in your house?
Do you store hazardous household products such as a houshold cleaning product safely?
How do you get rid of leftover household products?
Here are some ways to protect you family's health!
When in Doubt, Check it Out
Visit our extensive Household Chemical Encyclopedia which lists over 100 common household products, their toxic components, and how to safely use, dispose of, or replace them.
Call your local Poison Control Center (800) 222-1222
Call your local Cooperative Extension office
Call your local or state health department
Call the Consumer Products Safety Commission:
Contact Healthy Indoor Air for America’s
Homes: (406) 994-3451
The Home* A* Syst handbook gives more details
about this and other healthy home topics. (608) 262- 0024
EPA's Consumer Labeling Initiative